Ingredients 

After each ingredient, we listed what we researched to be an important component of that ingredient and why it is important for your dog as a whole. Again canine and human nutrition go pretty much hand and paw with protein being very important for dogs. The listed components and how they serve the body is by no means the total picture. It is intended to give a quick snapshot of why it is important and how it might help your dog. We encourage you to also research the ingredients; nutrition and how it affects your "best friends" body system (and your own) is an amazing realm! Please consult your veterinarian with any questions you may have on your dogs health.


Ingredients of nickyBONES Pumpkin and Peanut Butter Dog Biscuits:


100% Organic Brown Rice Flour

Brown rice and white rice are in fact from the same plant.  But that is where the similarities stop.  What makes brown rice different is that it is only stripped of its outermost layer - the hull.  It maintains the bran and endosperm layers therefore keeping its whole grain status and its nutritional value. All rice flours are high in protein, however, brown rice flour has higher levels of the B vitamins: B1/Thiamin (blood formation; metabolism of carbohydrates; nervous system; digestive system; plays a biosynthesis role with neurotransmitters; energy reproduction), B3/Niacin (digestive system; appetite; skin; nerves) and B6/Pyridoxine (important role as a co-enzyme; brain; metabolism; immune system), the mineral Iron (necessary to produce red blood cells; energy; metabolism), and dietary fiber (digestion). Other beneficial nutrients include the minerals: Calcium (electrolyte; teeth; bones; skin; removal of toxins from the colon), Phosphorus (body system functions, to include brain, heart and kidney; strength to bones and teeth, Potassium (electrolyte; balance electrolyte and pH functions; heart; brain; kidney; muscle; wound healing; regulates blood pressure; nervous system), Magnesium (electrolyte; relaxes blood vessels; bones; teeth; heart; muscle; regulates calcium levels), and the trace minerals Manganese (antioxidant; nervous system; cholesterol; manufactures fatty acids; produces energy from proteins and carbohydrates) and Selenium (antioxidant; immune system). It also supplies the Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids (brain; vision; heart; anti-inflammatory; anti-coagulant; growth and development, especially of nervous tissues; lipid levels; blood pressure and glucose metabolism) and Omega 6 Essential Fatty Acids (anti-inflammatory; heart; skin; coat; nails).  

Sources:

The Health Benefits of Brown Rice - All Rice is NOT Created Equal

Nutritional Advantages of Various Types of Flour

Nutritional Information of Rice

What Are the Health Benefits of Rice Flour?

Enzyme



100% Organic Quinoa Flour

Quinoa is considered a superfood!  It is not a grain but actually a seed from a plant in the leafy green family that also contains spinach.  It dates back thousands of years as a staple food in South America.  It is a complete protein meaning it contains all 9 essential amino acids including high amounts of lysine, which is responsible for tissue growth and repair.  It is a very good source of the mineral Manganese (antioxidant; nervous system; cholesterol; manufactures fatty acids; produces energy from protein and carbohydrates), and a good source of the minerals:  Copper (antioxidant; production of connective tissue and melanin), Magnesium (electrolyte; relaxes blood vessels; bones; teeth; heart; muscle; regulates calcium levels), Iron (necessary to produce red blood cells; energy; metabolism), Phosphorus (body system functions, to include brain, heart and kidney; strength to bones and teeth), Calcium (electrolyte; teeth; bones;skin; removal of toxins from the colon), Potassium (electrolyte; balance electrolyte and pH functions; heart; brain; kidney;  muscle;wound healing; regulates blood pressure; nervous system), Zinc (cellular metabolism; immune function; taste/smell; protein synthesis; wound healing; DNA synthesis; cell division), and the B Vitamins: B1/Thiamin (blood formation; metabolism of carbohydrates; nervous system; digestive system; plays a biosynthesis role with neurotransmitters; energy reproduction), B2/Riboflavin (growth; red blood cell production;skin and vision, B6/Pyridoxine (important role as a co-enzyme; brain; metabolism; immune system), B9/Folate (cell growth and reproduction) and Vitamin E (antioxidant; aids blood clotting; wound healing; circulatory system).  Quinoa is also rich in carbohydrates that supply fuel for energy production and high in fiber (digestion).

Sources:






100% Organic Eggs

An egg is a powerhouse of nutrition.  Not only is it a complete protein with 9 amino acids, it also provides carbohydrates, fat, and a varied assortment of vitamins and minerals.  The yolk contains the vitamins and minerals and the white part is where you will find the protein content.  Lutein (phytonutrient) a fat-soluble pigment (cartenoid) found in eggs, helps with vision and is an antioxidant.  The B Vitamins found in eggs are:  B2/Riboflavin (growth; red blood cell production; skin and vision), B3/Niacin (digestive system; appetite; skin; nerves), B5/Pantothenic Acid (growth and development; needed to make vitamin D and red blood cells), B7/Biotin (vital for forming fatty acids and glucose, fuels for the body; breakdown amino acids and carbohydrates), B9/Folate (cell growth and reproduction), B12/Cobalamin (nerve function; energy metabolism), Vitamin A/Retinol (eyes; antioxidant), Vitamin D (bones and teeth), and Choline (brain; nervous system; cardiovascular and liver functions).  Minerals found in eggs include:  Iodine (growth and development; thyroid gland function which affects metabolism; hair; skin; nails and teeth), Phosphorus (body system functions, to include brain, heart and kidney; strength to bones and teeth), Calcium (electrolyte; teeth; bones; skin; removal of toxins from the colon), Potassium (electrolyte; balance electrolyte and pH functions; heart; brain; kidney; muscle; wound healing; regulates blood pressure; nervous system), Selenium (antioxidant; immune system) and Sulphur (helps every cell in eliminating toxicity; enzyme reaction functions; protein synthesis functions; skin, coat and nails and it makes egg yolks yellow).  Organic eggs are more nutritious because they are said to have:  two-thirds more Vitamin A/Retinol (eyes; antioxidant), two times more Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids (brain; vision; heart; anti-inflammatory; anti-coagulant; growth and development, especially nervous tissues; lipid levels; blood pressure and glucose metabolism); 3 times more Vitamin E (antioxidant; aids blood clotting; wound healing; circulatory system); seven times more Beta-carotene (precursor to vitamin A; antioxidant: immune booster; skin; vision); one-third less Cholesterol (wax-like substance, naturally produced by the body or obtained from a diet of animal products) and one-quarter less Saturated Fat (turns solid at room temperature; found in animal food products and some vegetables; raises blood cholesterol levels).

Sources:

Benefits of Eating Eggs

Benefits of Organic Eggs

10 Health Benefits of Eggs

Nutritional Value of Egg and Egg White

Choline Definition


100% Organic Canned Pumpkin

Pumpkin is fed to dogs for various reasons and is a nutrition show food to boot!  Since it isa low calorie but high in fiber food; it is offered to dogs who are overweight.  When supplemented into the diet it can help dogs cut down on calories but at the same time satisfy their appetite because of its high fiber content.  Additionally it is used to help dogs with digestive issues.  Because of its high water and fiber content - it aids in flushing out the digestive system during constipation.  However, it can also absorb excess fluid in the bowels during bouts of diarrhea, due to its soluble fiber status.  It is high in Vitamin A/Retinol (eyes; antioxidant), Beta-carotene (precursor to vitamin A; antioxidant; immune booster; skin; vision), Potassium (electrolyte; balance electrolyte and pH functions; heart; brain; kidney; muscle; wound healing; regulates blood pressure; nervous system), and Iron (necessary to produce red blood cells; energy; metabolism).  Additionally, Pumpkin is a good source of Vitamin C (wound healing; protects against cell damage; gums and teeth; eyes; immune system; absorbs Iron; anti-oxidant; develops and maintains connective tissue and bone structure), Vitamin E (antioxidant; aids blood clotting; wound healing; circulatory system), Calcium (electrolyte; teeth; bones; skin; removal of toxins from the colon), Magnesium (electrolyte; relaxes blood vessels; bones; teeth; heart; muscle; regulates calcium levels), Phosphorus (body system functions, to include brain, heart and kidney; strength to bones and teeth).

Sources:

Health Benefits of Pumpkins for Dogs!

Discover the Health Benefits of Canned Pumpkin for Dogs


100% Organic Peanut Butter


nickyBONES Dog Biscuits uses a peanut butter that is of-course 100% organic and gluten free. Its only ingredient is organic peanuts; there are no additives. 

Peanut Butter in moderation has many nutritional benefits. In moderation because of its high in fat caloric intake. However, the organic peanut butter used in nickyBONES has Saturated Fats but no Trans Fats, which are known to raise bad cholesterol and lower good cholesterol. Other benefits of PB is its excellent source of Protein. It also contains Dietary Fiber (digestion), and Arginine (amino acid thats helps improve blood flow through the vessels). It is an excellent source of Vitamin B3/Niacin (digestive system; appetite; skin; nerves). A very good source for Vitamin E (antioxidant; aids blood clotting; wound healing; circulatory system).  Additionally, it is a good source of Vitamin K, B5/Pantothenic Acid (growth and development; needed to make vitamin D and red blood cells), B2/Riboflavin  (growth; red blood cell production; skin and vision), B1/Thiamin (

blood formation; metabolism of carbohydrates; nervous system; digestive system; plays a biosynthesis role with neurotransmitters; energy reproduction), and B9/Folate (cell growth and reproduction).

 For its strength in minerals, it is an excellent source of Magnesium (electrolyte; relaxes blood vessels; bones; teeth; heart; muscle; regulates calcium levels) Phosphorous (body system functions, to include brain, heart and kidney; strength to bones and teeth) and Potassium (electrolyte; balance electrolyte and pH functions; heart; brain; kidney; muscle; wound healing; regulates blood pressure; nervous system). A very good source of Calcium (electrolyte; teeth; bones; skin; removal of toxins from the colon) and Sodium (electrolyteregulates blood pressure and blood volume; muscle and nerve function) and a good source of Iron (necessary to produce red blood cells; energy; metabolism), Manganese (antioxidant; nervous system; cholesterol; manufactures fatty acids; produces energy from proteins and carbohydrates), Selenium (antioxidant; immune system) and Zinc 

(cellular metabolism; immune function; taste/smell; protein synthesis; wound healing; DNA synthesis; cell division). Additionally, Peanut Butter contains Resveratrol and p-Coumaric acid, both polyphenol antioxidants. Resveratrol, found only in a few plants, has anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties that aids the body in combating bacteria and fungi. p-Coumaric acid helps cells fight oxidative stress

 


Sources:

Is Peanut Butter Good for Dogs?

Nutritional Value of Peanut and Peanut Butter

Health Benefits Of Organic Peanut Butter

Substances Found in Peanut Butter 


100% Organic Unsulphured Blackstrap Molasses


Blackstrap molasses is a dark nutritious syrup with a bittersweet flavor that is produced after the third boiling process of refining sugar cane into table sugar. It is actually the waste created after this third boiling. Unsulphured Blackstrap Molasses means the sugar cane was sun-ripened and therefore processed without using the chemical sulphur. Sun-ripening and boiling three times and of-course utilizing organic practices results in a nutrient dense and healthier molasses. It is rich in Protein and a good source of Vitamin B6/Pyridoxine (important role as a co-enzyme; brain; metabolism; immune system. It is an excellent source of the minerals Copper (antioxidant; production of connective tissue and melanin), and Manganese (antioxidant; nervous system; cholesterol; manufactures fatty acids; produces energy from proteins and carbohydrates). It is a very good source of Calcium (electrolyte; teeth; bones; skin; removal of toxins from the colon), Iron (necessary to produce red blood cells; energy; metabolism). Magnesium (electrolyte; relaxes blood vessels; bones; teeth; heart; muscle; regulates calcium levels) and Potassium (electrolyte; balance electrolyte and pH functions; heart; brain; kidney; muscle; wound healing; regulates blood pressure; nervous system) and a good source of Selenium (antioxidant; immune system). Unsulphured Blackstrap Molasses has zero calories and is low on the glycemic index. Molasses is derived from the portuguese word "honey-like".

Sources:



Health Benefits of Blackstrap Molasses


Blackstrap molasses


What You Should Know About Unsulphured Blackstrap Molasses




 100% Organic Flax Seed


Also touted as a superfood with a lineage is Flax Seed. Its scientific names means “most useful”. With good reason. It is a nutritional superstar.  Emperor Charlemagne (800 A.D.) passed laws for its cultivation and consumption. Here at nickyBONES Dog Biscuits we also hold it in high regard! We buy it as seed and mill it ourselves into ground flaxseed, which the body readily absorbs efficiently. It is the best plant source and an excellent source of an Omega 3 Fatty Acid called Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA). It is rich in Lignan, a phytoestrogen, that has antioxidant status and supports hormonal balance. Additionally, it is high in Fiber (digestion). It is a good source of Vitamin B6/Pyridoxine (important role as a co-enzyme; brain; metabolism; immune system). It also contains Vitamin B1/Thiamin (blood formation; metabolism of carbohydrates; nervous system; digestive system; plays a biosynthesis role with neurotransmitters; energy reproduction), Vitamin B2/Riboflavin (growth; red blood cell production; skin and vision), Vitamin C (wound healing; protects against cell damage; gums and teeth; eyes; immune system; absorbs Iron; antioxidant; develops and maintains connective tissue; bone structure). For minerals, Flax Seed is a very good source of Manganese (antioxidant; nervous system; cholesterol; manufactures fatty acids; produces energy from proteins and carbohydrates). A good source of Copper (antioxidant; production of connective tissue and melanin), Phosphorus (body system functions, to include brain, heart and kidney; strength to bones and teeth). It also contains Protein with a complete amino acid profile; Beta-carotene, Vitamin B1/Thiamin, Vitamin B2/Riboflavin, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Calcium, Iron, Potassium and Zinc. Flax Seed is also low in carbohydrates

Sources:

Flax Seeds

Flax Seed Health Benefits

Flax Seed Health Benefits and Safety Issues

Definition of Phytonutrients or Phytochemicals


100% Organic Alfalfa Leaf Powder


What is unique about Alfalfa is that sends it taproot down 10-20’ (on average) into the soil. As a result, it absorbs minerals and moisture found only at those depths.  “Alfalfa” comes from the arabic language and translates to “father of all foods”. We selected it for nickyBONES along with Kelp Powder the last ingredient, as a safety net to catch more nutritional benefits for our dog biscuits. Alfalfa providing the land source and kelp providing the sea source. Alfalfa has a rich source of Protein. In fact, Alfalfa, has more Protein than most plants. It is rich in Vitamin A/Retinol (eyes; antioxidant), Vitamin B1/Thiamin (blood formation; metabolism of carbohydrates; nervous system; digestive system; plays a biosynthesis role with neurotransmitters; energy reproduction), Vitamin B6/Pyridoxine (important role as a co-enzyme; brain; metabolism; immune system), Vitamin C (wound healing; protects against cell damage; gums and teeth; eyes; immune system; absorbs Iron; antioxidant; develops and maintains connective tissue and bone structure, Vitamin E (antioxidant; aids blood clotting; wound healing; circulatory system), Vitamin K (essential for blood clotting; maintain strong bones), and the minerals Calcium (electrolyte; teeth; bones; skin; removal of toxins from the colon), Potassium (electrolyte; balance electrolyte and pH functions; heart; brain; kidney; muscle; wound healing; regulates blood pressure; nervous system), Iron (necessary to produce red blood cells; energy; metabolism), and Zinc (cellular metabolism; immune function; taste/smell; protein synthesis; wound healing; DNA synthesis; cell division). It is also a source of Vitamins B2/Riboflavin, B3/Niacin, B5/Panthothanic Acid, B7/Biotin, B12/Cobalamin, and the minerals Boron (absorbs calcium, magnesium, Vitamin D; brain functions; cell membrane functions; anti-fungal), Chlorine (electrolyte; acid-base balance; blood; tissue, nerves; muscle; digestion; heart; water balance; cleanses the intestines and body of toxins), Cobalt (red blood cells and a component of Vitamin B12/Cobalamin), Cooper, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorous, Sodium and Sulfur. Alfalfa also contains phytoestrogens (antioxidant; supports hormonal balance) and Saponins, a phytochemical that has antioxidant status; may help immune system; may positively impact cholesterol.


Sources:

Health Benefits of Alfalfa




About Cobalt : Cobalt Development Institute




100% Organic Kelp Powder


This is our sea source for nickyBONES Pumpkin and Peanut Butter Dog Biscuits. Kelp is actually brown seaweed found throughout the world along rocky coastlines in cold water. It is storehouse of nutrients to include over 70 minerals and trace elements. Like Alfalfa, it is a safety net for any nutritional needs we may have missed. To start, Kelp is a good source of Protein. For Vitamins it contains Vitamin B1/Thiamin (blood formation; metabolism of carbohydrates; nervous system; digestive system; plays a biosynthesis role with neurotransmitters; energy reproduction), Vitamin B2/Riboflavin (growth; red blood cell production; skin and vision), Vitamin B3/Niacin (digestive system; appetite; skin and nerves), Vitamin B5/Pantothenic Acid (growth and development; needed to make Vitamin D and Red Blood Cells), Vitamin B9/Folate (cell growth and reproduction), Vitamin A (antioxidant; eyes), Vitamin C ( antioxidant; wound healing; protects against cell damage; gums and teeth; eyes; immune system; absorbs Iron; develops and maintains connective tissue and bone structure), Vitamin D (bones and teeth), Vitamin E (antioxidant; aids blood clotting; wound healing; circulatory system), Vitamin K (essential for blood clotting; maintain strong bones). It is a strong source of the mineral Iodine (growth and development; thyroid gland function which affects metabolism; hair; skin; nails; teeth). Additional minerals to name include Calcium (electrolyte; teeth; bones; skin; removal of toxins from the colon), Sodium (electrolyte; regulates blood pressure and blood volume; muscle and nerve function), Magnesium (electrolyte; relaxes blood vessels; bones and teeth; heart; muscle; regulates Calcium levels), Potassium (electrolyte; balance electrolyte and pH functions; heart; brain; kidney; muscle; wound healing; regulates blood pressure; nervous system). Other minerals include Copper, Iron, Manganese, Phosphorus and Zinc. Additionally, Kelp is said to be the best natural source of trace minerals. It also contains mucilaginous compounds, a sticky substance, that better serves the digestive system in concern to detoxifying and eliminative functions in the bowel. It also contains another sticky substance called Align. It is a viscous fiber that absorbs most nutrients in addition to toxins from the digestive tract, thereby blocking toxins from entering the circulatory system. The final word about Kelp is that it contains alkali, a base that helps with pH balance by neutralizing acids. Keeping the body in a balance is the most important metabolic function performed by the body. A process that is continually ebbing and flowing, just like Kelp along the ocean's rocky cold coastlines.

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Allergy and DisclaimerStatement


As a fair warning to our customers eggs and peanuts can cause allergies in some dogs. If you become concerned your dog may be allergic to eggs or peanuts it could present with skin irritations, ear infections and loss of hair. Consult your veterinarian. Additionally, quinoa and peanuts contain oxalates and this should be a concern with dogs who present with calcium oxalate kidney stones. Again consult your veterinarian. Additionally our research into what each ingredient contains and what body function it plays is only intended as a quick guide and simple understanding. We find it fascinating and mind boggling and encourage you to do your own research and consult your veterinarian if you have further interest or questions.